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How are cars made? Do you like the sound of automobile engines? Sit behind the wheel and take control of transmission – visit the grocery store, school, relatives, or football ground as the possibilities are endless. Hitting the highway for long trips is another lavish experience.
We might not give much thought to automobiles being passengers but opening the hood will amaze you. Take a look underneath an automobile to realize how beautifully thousands of parts work together to help you reach your destination.
Would you believe the very first car was made by a few workers and that too by hand? Today, there are millions of vehicles hitting the road on a daily basis. These highly advanced vehicles are definitely not made by hand. At this point, we start to think about how are cars made.
Technology is advancing more than ever. Automobiles are more advanced now so the process behind making them must be equally complicated. No matter which vehicle you’re driving, some particulars of the process are the same. Whether you’re driving an exotic or economy car, some aspects remain common.
How are cars made? Today, we will throw light on the complicated process of making cars.
Design, assembly line, testing, and shipping are steps followed for making cars.
However, some segments of the process are quite challenging. The formation of highly advanced vehicles offers unique demands from the automotive industry. Let’s dig deep and try to find the answer to the question of how are cars made.
Automobiles manufacturing techniques have changed a lot with the passage of time. One thing that has remained the same for more than a century is the assembly line. Of course, hard work and planning have refined the process of making vehicles.
In the automobile industry, things go so smoothly and consistently that a new model takes just a few years to hit the market. Obviously, single workers cannot perform all the tasks related to the assembly of vehicles. You may have seen conveyor belts on TV shows. A similar conveyor belt is present in automobile plants where vehicles travel down, workers on their respective stations perform specific tasks.
That’s how assembly lines produce high-tech vehicles easily according to market demand. Performing specific tasks continuously makes workers efficient and more skilled. Thus, tasks are completed in a short time. In this way, vehicles are not only assembled quickly but also produced simultaneously.
You must be fascinated by the process of how are cars made. Let’s discuss the operation in detail. Here are some of the key points that will help you understand the process easily.
Do you know who introduced the concept of assembly line in the automobile industry?
Henry Ford pioneered the procedure of using assembly lines. According to him, assembly lines allow the completion of the process of manufacturing vehicles efficiently. In his first automobile factory, it only took 90 minutes to completely assemble a vehicle.
Division of Work
The reason why the assembly line is the heart of the manufacturing process is the division of work. In the past, one skilled worker did the entire job of making a product from start to finish which took a lot of time. Assembly lines follow the division of the labor system where the procedure is split into a number of small tasks with many workers completing one task.
Thousands and thousands of parts are fitted together to make a fully functional vehicle. Automobile assembly plants receive components like electric circuits, tires, engines, metal, and glass parts. It is nearly impossible for one person to assemble all these specialized components together.
Division of work philosophy has revolutionized the automobile industry
Quick assembly and cheap manufacturing are some of the benefits of an assembly-line system. Henry Ford’s assembly line principles are still benefiting the automobile industry. Though advanced technologies are continuously making the process of manufacturing cars more efficient.
From Design to Production
Designing is a delicate process where a company needs to pay attention to the customer’s demand. Also, the auto brand has to remain true to its style. Automobile companies have to keep aware of futuristic styling ideas and models.
Car designers have to pay attention to rules about security, fuel emission problems, and a lot more. Once the design is completed the list of more hard-working tasks begins.
Automation has made the development of vehicles a lot easier.
With computer programs, the designs can easily turn into 3D models. In the blink of an eye, the programs become less labor-intensive.
Once the 3D model is ready it’s time for engineers to build the actual prototype. The first model goes through road testing so it should be stable. The prototype must meet aerodynamics, performance, and all legal requirements.
The first model design goes through extensive testing and is reviewed properly before the team starts to work on the first part of the vehicle. Once the design satisfies the engineers and computer programs the next process begins.
Auto companies now produce thousands of parts from nuts to bolts. Although companies order ready-made parts too, there are still some pieces that need to be built from scratch. The goal is just one – all pieces fit just perfectly.
We all know early vehicles were assembled by hand. Similarly, small companies had their own version of the assembly line. Ford’s concept was to use many workstations for the sake of division of labor. The idea spread like wildfire as it decreased the amount of time to create automobiles.
Nowadays the process of making cars has become more complex. Hardware is shipped from around the world. Robots are programmed to produce complex models of machines. Most of the companies are following the basic blueprint. However, when it comes to bigger and more complex projects the pattern varies widely.
How are cars made? – The Final Step
As a result of hard work, the car model hits the assembly line – no still there is no time to relax. There are certain factors that determine the success of a car model. From design to shipment a lot of costs is associated with carmakers.
Automobiles shipment cost billions to companies. Shipment charges are normally mentioned price tags when you buy a car. This looks like you’re absorbing much of the cost to your end. The new concern of the automobile companies is to ship them safely and in pristine condition.
Through trains, cargo ships, and trucks cars are shipped around the world. Probably, these are the most common and cost-efficient means to ship cars. Without this step, you can not fully perceive how are cars made.
We have tried to explain how cars are made in a simple way. The purpose was only to give you an overview that it is not that difficult when you start making complex things step by step.
If you have any questions then shoot them in the comment section below. We would love to hear from you.
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